The monument to Cervantes was created to commemorate the 300 anniversary of the publication of the second part of “El Quijote” (1615-1915).
In the image above we can see the representation of Spanish Literature in the form of a woman dressed in the style of the Golden Age.
Cervantes is represented behind Quijote and Sancho, sitting and holding a book.
Quixote and Sancho represent the antithesis of the characters, idealism versus realism.
On both sides of the monument there are representations of two other important works of Cervantes: “Rinconete y Cortadillo” and “La Gitanilla”.
On top of the monument there is another sculpture, depicting fame. The five continents are represented by five women. On the front side there is Europe, with a helmet, teaching the book of Don Quixote to America.